Random Chemicals to Reproducible Life

Back when I first became interested in science, one of the first areas I was interested in was Biology — specifically human evolution because of the hype it gets. The whole religion versus science becomes very pronounced in the creation-or-evolution debate. I read through a lot of material and was able to understand natural selection quite easily. It’s not all that complicated as some would like to suggest. It’s simply this: whoever is the better in a particular situation survives. It’s easy to understand once you realize that that’s a tautology. Whoever survives is the “fittest” and the fittest survives. So, no problems there but there was always something that didn’t quite fit. I could never quite digest the “theory” that micro-evolution (birds changing bone shape etc.) could lead to macro evolution (going from single-strand RNA to fish).

Finally, after much thought, I realized something. The way evolution is normally explained is by half a process of induction. The proponents of evolution (by the way, in the rest of this post, “evolution” should be read as “macro-evolution”) suggest that there is a gradual change from one species to another. You get to see a lot of “minor changes” and finally, with some blanks, you can see the whole chain. The base case, however, is missing. Where does this process start?

According to Darwinian evolution, if you go back in time, you go back in complexity. From complex mammals, you get fish and from there, you get stuff like amoebas, and then very simple living material like RNA etc. The problem with that though, is that there comes a point where you can’t get any simpler. If you do, your “living thing” cannot reproduce. The reason is that reproduction is a fairly complicated process and anything that does it can’t said to be the basic organism. However, if you get any simpler, you lose the ability to reproduce and then you cannot demonstrate survival of the fittest because no matter how fit you are, you cannot pass on your traits.

Now, after a long time, I came across this article on MIT Technology Review which documents an interview with George Whitesides . George Whitesides is introduced in the article with these words:

Harvard professor George Whitesides has spent his career solving problems in science and industry—he cofounded the pharmaceutical giant Genzyme, and he’s the world’s most cited living chemist.

Please read through the brief interview. It’s very informative and though provoking. Of relevance here is the answer to the first question quoted here for the sake of completeness.

Technology Review: What’s the problem you have most wanted to solve and haven’t been able to?
Whitesides: There’s an intellectual problem, which is the origin of life. The origin of life has the characteristic that there’s something in there as a chemist, which I just don’t understand. I don’t understand how you go from a system that’s random chemicals to something that becomes, in a sense, a Darwinian set of reactions that are getting more complicated spontaneously. I just don’t understand how that works. So that’s a scientific problem.

That’s a concise and succinct way of explaining the problem that I just introduced. If you get simpler beyond a certain point, you cannot obey Darwinian set of reactions (i.e. survival of the fittest). So, the question is: why aren’t we told about this problem in the Darwinian theory when we’re all taught evolution in school? It’s not that hard to explain.

OpenERP, Tutorials

A No-nonsense OpenERP Installation Guide

This is a no-nonsense guide to the installation of OpenERP — the popular open source and customizable ERP solution — aimed at the complete newbie. Of course, there has to just a little bit of “nonsense” to get you started. So, here it is: (a) You need to have PostgreSQL installed as the database backend for OpenERP. (b) OpenERP is written in python so you’ll need some packages for that part. (c) There is a server and a client. The server is important — client can be both a desktop client or a web client. (d) We’ll cover all of this except the web client. You don’t need that to get started. (e) We’re using OpenERP on Ubuntu 11.10 but an older version should also work.

Continue reading “A No-nonsense OpenERP Installation Guide”

Java, Tutorials

Agent Mobility with JADE and JIPMS

A friend and I have been working on Java Agent DEvelopment Framework (JADE) for a while now. The idea is to enhance security mechanisms in the open source agent-deployment platform. The first step we decided to address was the actual mobility of an agent from one platform (in the sense of a dedicated machine running the JADE middleware) to another one. Turned out that it was much harder than one would imagine — especially given the fact that these agents are supposed to be mobile. Anyway, after around two months of part-time efforts, we got the agent working. Since the whole ordeal involved a lot of missing documentation and bad support, I decided to document the process through this tutorial. So, here it is. Read on to see how you can create an agent on one platform, migrate it to another platform, have it do some computation there and come back to the source. 

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Design, Geek stuff, LaTeX, Tutorials

Creating UML Sequence Diagrams with TikZ in LaTeX

I’ve been working on my LaTeX skills for some time. The goal is to move towards an all-latex solution for writing research papers, slide sets and other documents. I’m almost there. An important goal was to be able to create all sorts of figures within LaTeX. (Well, originally, the goal was to use open source softwares to create them but it turns out that LaTeX is really good at this stuff.) The package that I’m using for graphics creation is TikZ. Here we’ll cover how we can create sequence diagrams using TikZ and a plugin package.

Here’s what we’re planning on creating.

Sequence Diagram using TikZ (click to enlarge)

Continue reading “Creating UML Sequence Diagrams with TikZ in LaTeX”

Design, resources, Tutorials

How to Create a Beamer Template — A Newbie’s Tutorial

I started switching full-time to Ubuntu (once again) a couple of weeks ago. Turns out, it’s in much better condition than when I last tried it. Anyway, one of the problems was finding a replacement for Powerpoint. I hate creating presentations for classes — in fact, I think they’re counter-productive — but I have no choice for the moment. So, I decided to give LibreOffice Impress a chance. That was an hour of my life down the drain. Finally, I returned to beamer. Of course, I had to write my own theme because I couldn’t use the same theme used by all the rest of the world. To cut this long and boring story short, I tried very hard to find a tutorial on writing beamer themes, couldn’t do so, learned it through experiment and decided to write the tutorial myself. Here is that tutorial.

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Geek stuff, Tutorials, Video

LaTeX Screencasts

I’ve started putting together a couple of screencasts for those who want to start working with LaTeX. These are aimed at the extreme newbie who wants to learn the basics and get up to speed with the typesetting tool. I’ll be updating this post as I put more videos online inshallah. For now, see the videos below or on Youtube. For best results, view in HD at full screen.

Part I: Introduction

Part II: Creating your first document
Download the files mentioned in the video from here:

Part III: Bibliographies, Class Files for Conference Styles
Download the files mentioned in the video from here: